Selected Sections of the
Arkansas Securities Act
Sections included on the Arkansas Securities Act Page:
23-42-104. Criminal penalties.
23-42-106. Civil liability.
23-42-110. False or misleading statements unlawful.
As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) (A) “Agent” means any individual, other than a broker-dealer, who represents a broker-dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities.
(B) “Agent” does not include an individual who represents:
(i) An issuer in:
(a) Effecting transactions in a security exempted by § 23-42-503(a)(1)-(4) or (8) and any other transactions in a security exempted by other subdivisions or subsections of § 23-42-503 which the Securities Commissioner may by rule or order prescribe;
(b) Effecting transactions exempted by § 23-42-504 unless otherwise required by § 23-42-504;
(c) Effecting transactions in covered securities exempted by sections 18(b)(3) or 18(b)(4)(C) of the Securities Act of 1933, and any other transactions in a covered security which the commissioner may by rule or order prescribe;
(d) Effecting transactions with existing employees, partners, or directors of the issuer if no commission or other remuneration is paid or given directly or indirectly for soliciting any person in this state; or
(e) Effecting transactions involving a reorganization or any other individual assisting the issuer or any other constituent party in the process of the reorganization, so long as such individual is not employed for the primary purpose of obtaining or soliciting proxies, consents, or other required means of approval from the security holders of the issuer or any other constituent party to the reorganization and receives no compensation other than his or her regular salary and reimbursement for actual expenses, if any, incurred in good faith in the course of such duties or activities; or
(ii) A broker-dealer in effecting a transaction for a customer in this state if:
(a) Such a transaction is effected on behalf of a customer that, for thirty (30) days prior to the day of the transaction, maintained an account with the broker-dealer;
(b) Such individual is not ineligible to register with this state for any reason;
(c) Such individual is registered with a registered securities association and at least one (1) state;
(d) The broker-dealer with which such individual is associated is registered with this state;
(e) The transaction is effected by the individual:
(1) To which the customer was assigned for fourteen (14) days prior to the day of the transaction; and
(2) Who is registered with a state in which the customer was a resident or was present for at least thirty (30) consecutive days during the one-year period prior to the transaction; except that, if the customer is present in this state for thirty (30) or more consecutive days or has permanently changed his or her residence to this state, this subdivision (1)(B)(ii) shall not be applicable unless the individual files with the commissioner an application for registration within ten (10) calendar days of the later of the date of the transaction or the date of the discovery of the presence of the customer in this state for thirty (30) or more consecutive days or the change in the customer's residence; and
(f) The transaction is effected within the period beginning on the date on which the individual files with the commissioner an application for registration and ending on the earlier of:
(1) Sixty (60) days after the date the application is filed; or
(2) The time at which the commissioner notifies the individual that he or she has denied the application for registration or has stayed the pendency of the application for cause.
(g) For purposes of subdivision (1)(B)(ii)(e )(2 ) of this section, each of up to three (3) individuals who are designated to effect transactions during the absence or unavailability of the assigned individual for a customer may be treated as such an assigned individual.
(C) A partner, officer, or director of a broker-dealer or issuer, or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, is an agent only if he or she otherwise comes within this definition;
(2) “Broker-dealer” means any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others or for his or her own account. “Broker-dealer” does not include:
(A) An agent;
(B) An issuer;
(C) A bank, savings institution, savings and loan association, or trust company; or
(D) A person who has no place of business in this state if:
(i) He or she effects transactions in this state exclusively with or through:
(a) The issuers of the securities involved in the transactions;
(b) Other broker-dealers; or
(c) Banks, savings institutions, savings and loan associations, trust companies, insurance companies, investment companies as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, pension or profit-sharing trusts, or other financial institutions or institutional buyers, whether acting for themselves or as trustees; or
(ii) During any period of twelve (12) consecutive months, he or she does not direct more than fifteen (15) offers to sell or buy into this state in any manner to persons other than those specified in subdivision (2)(D)(i) of this subsection, whether or not the offeror or any of the offerees are then present in this state;
(E) A person who is resident in Canada, has no office or other physical presence in this state, and complies with the following conditions:
(i) Only effects or attempts to effect transactions in securities:
(a) With or through the issuers of the securities involved in the transactions, broker-dealers, banks, savings institutions, trust companies, insurance companies, qualified purchasers as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission, investment companies as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, pension or profit-sharing trusts, or other financial institutions or institutional buyers, whether acting for themselves or as trustees;
(b) With or for a person from Canada who is temporarily present in this state, with whom the Canadian person had a bona fide business-client relationship before the person entered this state; or
(c) With or for a person from Canada who is present in this state, whose transactions are in a self-directed tax advantaged retirement plan in Canada of which the person is the holder or contributor;
(ii) Files a notice in the form of his or her dcurrent application required by the jurisdiction in which his or her head office is located and a consent to service of process;
(iii) Is a member of a self-regulatory organization or stock exchange in Canada;
(iv) Maintains his or her provincial or territorial registration and his or her membership in a self-regulatory organization or stock exchange in good standing;
(v) Discloses to his or her clients in this state that he or she is not subject to the full regulatory requirements of this chapter; and
(vi) Is not in violation of § 23-42-507 and all rules promulgated thereunder;
(3) “Commissioner” means the Securities Commissioner;
(4) “Covered security” means any security described as a covered security in section 18(b) of the Securities Act of 1933;
(5) (A) “Farm cooperative” means any cooperative formed for the purpose of:
(i) Purchasing, producing, processing, marketing, distributing, or selling crops or livestock for, or on behalf of, its members; or
(ii) Purchasing, marketing, or distributing meat, dairy, bakery, produce, or other food or grocery products for, or on behalf of, its members.
(B) “Farm cooperative” shall not include any association formed for the purpose of purchasing food or grocery products for, or on behalf of, consumers;
(6) “Fraud”, “deceit”, and “defraud” are not limited to common-law deceit;
(7) “Guaranteed” means guaranteed as to payment of principal, interest, or dividends;
(8) “Investment adviser” means any person who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities, or who, for compensation, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. “Investment adviser” does not include:
(A) A bank, savings and loan association, credit union, or trust company;
(B) A lawyer, accountant, engineer, or teacher whose performance of these services is solely incidental to the practice of his or her profession;
(C) A broker-dealer whose performance of these services is solely incidental to the conduct of his or her business as a broker-dealer and who receives no special compensation for them;
(D) A publisher of any bona fide newspaper, news column, newsletter, news magazine, or business or financial publication or service of general, regular, and paid circulation, whether communicated in hard copy form, by electronic means, or otherwise, that does not consist of the rendering of advice on the basis of the specific investment situation of each client;
(E) A person who has no place of business in this state if:
(i) His or her only clients in this state are other investment advisers, broker-dealers, banks, savings institutions, trust companies, insurance companies, investment companies as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, pension or profit-sharing trusts, or other financial institutions or institutional buyers, whether acting for themselves or as trustees; or
(ii) During the preceding twelve-month period he or she has had fewer than six (6) clients who are residents of this state, other than those persons specified in subdivision (8)(E)(i) of this section; or
(F) Such other persons not within the intent of this subsection as the commissioner may by rule or order designate;
(9) “Issuer” means every person who issues or proposes to issue any security, except that:
(A) With respect to certificates of deposit, voting-trust certificates, or collateral-trust certificates, or with respect to certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors or persons performing similar functions or of the fixed, restricted management, or unit type, the term “issuer” means the persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument under which the securities are issued;
(B) In the case of an unincorporated association which provides by its articles for limited liability of any or all of its members, or in the case of a trust, committee, or other legal entity, the trustees or members thereof shall not be individually liable as issuers of any security issued by the association, trust, committee, or other legal entity;
(C) With respect to equipment-trust certificates or like securities, the term “issuer” means the person by whom the equipment or property is used or is to be used;
(D) With respect to fractional undivided interests in oil, gas, or other mineral rights, the term “issuer” means the owner of the right or of any whole or fractional interest in the right who creates fractional interests therein for the purpose of the offering; and
(E) With respect to viatical settlement contracts, the term “issuer” means:
(i) In the case of a fractional or pooled interest in viatical settlement contracts, the person who creates for the purpose of sale the fractional or pooled interest; and
(ii) In the case of a viatical settlement contract that is not fractionalized or pooled, the person effecting the transaction with the investor in such a contract, but does not include a broker-dealer or agent of a broker-dealer;
(10) “Nonissuer” means not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer;
(11) “Person” means an individual, a corporation, a limited liability company, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust where the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by a security, an unincorporated organization, a government, or a political subdivision of a government;
(12) “Representative” means any partner, officer, director of an investment adviser, or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, or other individual employed by or associated with an investment adviser, except clerical or ministerial personnel, who:
(A) Makes any recommendation or otherwise renders advice regarding securities;
(B) Manages accounts or portfolios of clients;
(C) Determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given; or
(D) Supervises employees who perform any of the foregoing;
(13) (A) (i) “Sale” or “sell” includes every contract of sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of, a security or interest in a security for value.
(ii) “Offer” or “offer to sell” includes every attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value.
(iii) Any security given or delivered with, or given as a bonus on account of, any purchase of securities or any other thing is considered to constitute part of the subject of the purchase and to have been offered and sold for value.
(iv) A purported gift of assessable stock is considered to involve an offer and sale.
(v) Every other sale or offer of a warrant or right to purchase or subscribe to another security of the same or another issuer, as well as every sale or offer of a security which gives the holder a present or future right or privilege to convert into another security of the same or another issuer, is considered to include an offer of the other security.
(B) The terms defined in this subdivision (13) do not include:
(i) Any bona fide pledge or loan;
(ii) Any stock dividend, whether the corporation distributing the dividend is the issuer of the stock or not, if nothing of value is given by stockholders for the dividend other than the surrender of a right to a cash or property dividend when each stockholder may elect to take the dividend in cash or property or in stock;
(iii) Any stock split, reverse stock split, or change in par value which involves the substitution of a security of an issuer for another security of the same issuer; or
(iv) Any act incident to a judicially approved reorganization in which a security is issued in exchange for one (1) or more outstanding securities, claims, or property interests, or partly in such exchange and partly for cash;
(14) “Securities Act of 1933”, “Securities Exchange Act of 1934”, “Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935”, “Investment Advisers Act of 1940”, and “Investment Company Act of 1940” mean the federal statutes of those names, as amended;
(15) (A) “Security” means any:
(iii) Treasury stock;
(vi) Evidence of indebtedness;
(vii) Certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement;
(viii) Collateral-trust certificate;
(ix) Preorganization certificate or subscription;
(x) Transferable share;
(xi) Investment contract;
(xii) Variable annuity contract;
(xiii) Viatical settlement contract or fractionalized or pooled interest therein;
(xiv) Voting-trust certificate;
(xv) Certificate of deposit for a security;
(xvi) Certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease; or
(xvii) In general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a “security” or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing.
(B) Except as set forth in subdivision (15)(A)(xiii) of this section, “security” does not include any insurance or endowment policy or annuity contract or variable annuity contract issued by any insurance company; and
(16) “State” means any state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
23-42-104. Criminal penalties.
(a) Any person who knowingly violates § 23-42-507 shall be guilty of the offense of “securities fraud”. Securities fraud is a Class B felony.
(b) Any person who knowingly violates § 23-42-501 shall be guilty of the offense of “felony offer or sale of unregistered and nonexempt securities”. Felony offer or sale of unregistered and nonexempt securities is a Class D felony.
(c) Any person who negligently violates § 23-42-501 shall be guilty of the offense of “offer or sale of unregistered and nonexempt securities”. Offer or sale of unregistered and nonexempt securities is a Class A misdemeanor.
(d) Any person who knowingly violates any rule or order of the Securities Commissioner shall be guilty of a Class B misdemeanor. No person may be imprisoned for a violation of any rule or order of which that person did not have actual knowledge.
(e) Any person who knowingly engages in any unlawful conduct prohibited by this chapter, except as provided in subsection (a), (b), (c), or (d) of this section, shall be guilty of a Class D felony.
(f) “Purposely”, “knowingly”, “recklessly”, “negligently”, and the classes of felonies and misdemeanors set forth in this section shall be as defined and have such penalties as set forth in the Arkansas Criminal Code, § 5-1-101 et seq.
(g) Nothing in this chapter limits the power of the state to punish any person for any conduct which constitutes a crime by statute or common law.
(h) The provisions of subsection (e) of this section shall not apply to any violation of § 23-42-509.
23-42-106. Civil liability.
(a) (1) Any person who commits the following acts is liable to the person buying the security from him, who may sue either at law or in equity to recover the consideration paid for the security, together with interest at six percent (6%) per year from the date of payment, costs, and reasonable attorney's fees, less the amount of any income received on the security, upon the tender of the security, or for damages if he no longer owns the security:
(A) Offers or sells a security in violation of § 23-42-301, § 23-42-212(b), § 23-42-501(1) or (2), or any rule or order under § 23-42-502 which requires the affirmative approval of sales literature before it is used, or in violation of any condition imposed under § 23-42-403(d), § 23-42-404(g), or § 23-42-404(i); or
(B) Offers or sells a security by means of any untrue statement of a material fact or any omission to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in the light of circumstances under which they are made, not misleading, the buyer not knowing of the untruth or omission, and who does not sustain the burden of proof that he did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have known, of the untruth or omission.
(2) Damages are the amount that would be recoverable upon a tender less the value of the security when the buyer disposed of it and interest at six percent (6%) per year from the date of disposition.
(b) (1) Any person who purchases a security in violation of §§23-42-301, 23-42-307, 23-42-507, and 23-42-508, or otherwise by means of any untrue statement of a material fact or any omission to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading, the seller not knowing of the untruth or omission, and who shall not sustain the burden of proof that he did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have known, of the untruth or omission, shall be liable to the person selling the security to him, who may sue either at law or in equity to recover either the security or the security plus any income or other distributions in cash or other property received directly or indirectly by the purchaser, upon tender of the consideration the seller received or for damages together with interest at six percent (6%) from the date of purchase plus costs and reasonable attorney's fees.
(2) Damages may be for out-of-pocket losses or for the benefit of the bargain.
(3) Notice of willingness to pay the amount specified in exchange for the security shall constitute valid tender pending acceptance thereof by the purchaser.
(c) Every person who controls a seller liable under subsection (a) of this section or a purchaser liable under subsection (b) of this section; every partner, officer, or director of such a seller or purchaser; every person occupying a similar status or performing a similar function; every employee of such a seller or purchaser who materially aids in the sale; and every broker-dealer or agent who materially aids in the sale are also liable jointly and severally with, and to the same extent as, the seller or purchaser, unless the nonseller or nonpurchaser who is so liable sustains the burden of proof that he did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have known, of the existence of the facts by reason of which the liability is alleged to exist. There is contribution as in cases of contract among the several persons so liable.
(d) Any tender specified in this section may be made at any time before entry of judgment.
(e) Every cause of action under this section survives the death of any person who might have been a plaintiff or defendant.
(f) No person may sue under this section after three (3) years from the effective date of the contract of sale. No person may sue under this section:
(1) If the buyer received a written offer, before suit and at a time when he owned the security, to refund the consideration paid together with interest at six percent (6%) per year from the date of payment less the amount of any income received on the security, and he failed to accept the offer within thirty (30) days of its receipt; or
(2) If the buyer received such an offer before suit and at a time when he did not own the security unless he rejected the offer in writing within thirty (30) days of its receipt.
(g) No person who has made or engaged in the performance of any contract in violation of any provision of this chapter or any rule or order hereunder, or who has acquired any purported right under any such contract with knowledge of the facts by reason of which its making or performance was in violation, may base any suit on the contract.
23-42-110. False or misleading statements unlawful.
It is unlawful for any person to make or cause to be made, in any document filed with the Securities Commissioner or the commissioner's designee or in any proceeding under this chapter, any statement which is, at the time in light of the circumstances under which it is made, false or misleading in any material respect.
The above is not the complete act. This page contains only certain sections of the statute which we believe you may find informative. We do not and cannot guarantee the above sections are current law in this state. Legislatures may enact revised statutes at any time. Moreover these sections are presented for informational purposes only and are presented "as is" with all faults and with no warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy. Further, The content on these pages are not offered or intended to be legal advice by this firm for any purpose or manner whatsoever. If you require the current and complete version of the Law in your state, you should visit the Legislature home page of the particular state for more information or contact an attorney for advice on obtaining such information.